Glaucoma Treatment

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What is glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions caused by pressure building up inside your eye, damaging the optic nerve that connects your eye to your brain. If left untreated, glaucoma can cause irreversible vision loss and blindness. 

You may be at risk of developing glaucoma if you are over the age of 40, have a family history of glaucoma, previous trauma to the eye, thin corneas, high eye pressure and near-sightedness (myopia) or far-sightedness (hypermetropia). 

The two main types of glaucoma are: 

  • Open-angle glaucoma (where gradual clogging of the drainage tubes slowly increases eye pressure) 
  • Angle-closure glaucoma (where a sudden drainage tube clogging causes a rapid rise in eye pressure) 

 

Glaucoma is generally asymptomatic and usually detected during routine screening. If you are at risk of glaucoma, we recommend having routine eye tests every two years to catch symptoms early. 

You can learn more about glaucoma here. 

Glaucoma treatment aims to reduce the pressure inside the eye. Oculase offers various glaucoma treatments at our sites across the UK. 

Glaucoma treatment in London

The objective of glaucoma treatment is to reduce the pressure inside the eye. Unfortunately, treatment cannot reverse any damage caused by high pressure. However, it will slow the progression of glaucoma and subsequent vision loss. 

There are different types of glaucoma, and treatment will depend on the type of glaucoma you have. Oculase offers the following glaucoma treatments: 

  • Eye drops 
  • Laser treatment, such as Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT) and Laser Peripheral Iridotomy (LPI) 
  • Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS), performed in conjunction with cataract or lens replacement surgery 
  • Lens replacement surgery 
  • Glaucoma surgery, such as trabeculectomy 

How glaucoma treatments work

Each treatment works differently to help treat the high pressure build-up in the eye. Below, we will run through how each treatment works. 

Eye drops 

Eye drops are the most common treatment for glaucoma. Damage to the eye is often caused by a buildup of a fluid known as aqueous humour, which causes high eye pressure. In a healthy eye, this fluid is helpful for nourishing cells before draining into the bloodstream. When the drainage system is blocked, pressure can build in the eye. 

Eye drops work by either decreasing the production of the aqueous humour or improving the drainage of the fluid. This helps stabilise the pressure and helps prevent further damage caused by glaucoma. 

Laser eye treatment 

If eye drops do not help to relieve your glaucoma symptoms, you may be suitable for laser treatment. A laser beam is aimed at a part of your eye to create a small opening so the aqueous humour can be drained and decrease the pressure in your eye. 

There are two main types of laser treatment for glaucoma: 

  • SLT (opens up fluid drainage tubes) 
  • LPI (creates tiny holes in the iris to allow fluid drainage) 

Both options aim to reduce pressure and stop fluid buildup. 

Surgery 

If eye drops and laser treatment does not work for you, you may need glaucoma surgery.  

The most common surgical procedure for glaucoma is trabeculectomy. During the procedure, your eye surgeon will open up your eye-draining tubes to improve fluid drainage and relieve pressure. 

This procedure can help slow or stop vision loss caused by the condition. It can be performed under local or general anaesthetic and takes 40 to 60 minutes. As an incision will be made to your eye, stitches will be required. These will be removed by your surgeon, usually after two weeks of healing. 

Assessment for glaucoma 

As part of your glaucoma assessment, you will have a complete eye examination. This includes an eye pressure check, an assessment of your cornea, angle of the eye and nerve assessment. You will also require eye scans, including a visual field assessment and scans of your nerves. 

After your glaucoma assessment, you will be explained if you have glaucoma and the treatment options available for your type of glaucoma. 

Book a consultation 

If you are struggling with glaucoma and are looking for treatment, we can help provide you with high-quality treatment to elevate your symptoms. 

Contact us today to arrange a glaucoma assessment and find out your treatment options. We can provide top-quality treatment performed by highly skilled Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeons. 

Call us at 0330 128 1616 or book an appointment online today. 

0330 128 1616

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